The ICPD25 Nairobi Summit took place from the 12th to 14th November 2019 at the KICC. The year 2019 marked the 25th anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo in 1994. The co-conveners were the Government of the Republic of Kenya, the Government of Denmark and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The National Council for Population and Development (NCPD) was the secretariat for the summit and hence the coordinating Government agency.
The Summit was officially opened by the President of Kenya, His Excellency Uhuru Kenyatta and was attended by several heads of state and Governments, the United Nations Secretary-General, Deputy Secretary-General, Heads of UN Agencies and representatives of key international organizations and regional organizations. Not left behind were local governments, civil society, private sector, communities, women’s groups and youth networks, sexual and reproductive health (SRH) champions (including philanthropic personalities and UNFPA Goodwill Ambassadors).
Much progress was reported on the Programme of Action, the aspects of improved access to SRH services, increased longevity as well as reduction in maternal and child mortality. The SRH agenda has faced a lot of challenges from political, cultural and religious fronts which have pushed back the hard-won gains realised for women, girls and young people. Gender Based Violence (GBV) persists in several African countries including Kenya, hindering women and girls from realizing their full potential.
Conference Themes and Accelerators
There were several themes from which key commitments were generated to accelerate the promise. Five accelerators were derived from cross cutting issues on which action would be galvanized within each theme with clear policies and programmes to deliver upon the promise of the ICPD while emphasizing the urgency to act towards getting to zero to achieve the SDGs.
- Essential SRHR package of interventions and Universal Health Care (UHC)
- Creating financing momentum
- Demographic diversity and sustainable development
- GBV and Harmful practices
- SRHR in Humanitarian and Fragile Contexts
- Women’s empowerment and gender equality
- Youth leadership
- Political and community leadership for accelerating the promise
- Innovation and data
- Private sector engagement
What was Achieved by the Summit?
Countries re-affirmed commitment to the ICPD agenda and how they will accelerate the promise to deliver on the renewed commitments as well as on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with special focus on those populations who have been left behind; women, girls, young people, people living with disabilities and other marginalized groups
The summit mobilized leadership to address outstanding and emerging challenges related to the ICPD Programme of Action with special focus on SRH and the demographic diversity agenda. SRH was clearly linked to harnessing the potential of the demographic dividend the model of development particular interest for governments with young populations – and the cost of inaction.
NCPD was assigned the role of coordinating and tracking implementation in Kenya.
What has been happening after the Summit?
A lot has been happening globally and nationally to move the ICPD25 outcomes forward. Very serious engagements coordinated by NCPD have been going on about how to move the ICPD process to the next level so that implementation of commitments and tracking can start. This is in the background of the preparation of the summit report.
The first Post Summit meeting was held at the end of November 2019 to review all aspects of the Summit and draft an implementation plan.
Another post Summit was held on 4th March 2020 to brief committee members on progress made so far.
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- Analyze and integrate commitments for tracking
- Coordination of tarcking at Country, Regional and Global levels
- Mobilize resources from various sources including the private Sector
- Multi-stakeholder engagements, partnerships and communications
Efforts are led by NCPD and UNFPA Kenya office
- Disseminate the report of the Summit proceedings
- Finalize Implementation Plan
- Convene stakeholder meetings
- Get ownership of different commitments
- Coordination of implementation and tracking
Check out the Kenya Commits here.
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